Ralph M. Wyman of Greenwich, Connecticut, has retired after twenty-five years of service on the Board of Trustees. He was elected to emeritus status.
The Reverend Deborah Ann McKinley (PTS M.Div., 1982) was elected as alumni/ae trustee, Class of 2004. McKinley is pastor of Old Pine Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia. She will succeed the Reverend Dr. Thomas A.
Dining in Style
In May the Seminary’s annual dinner to honor graduates featured great food, a live jazz band, and, as is tradition, servers from among the Seminary’s administration, faculty, and staff.
“It’s intended to be a fun night for the graduates, when we get to serve
them,” laughs Gene
Degitz, PTS’s vice president for seminary relations. “I think the students are surprised to see that some of us old folks can still get around to do that!"
Lang is at the student's service yet again,
clearing plates at the graduate dinner
Director of alumni/ae relations and senior placement Dean Foose remembers when graduates were given a choice of four or five different nights to attend
a special dinner. He remarks on the benefits of devoting one night to honoring all graduates (in addition to it being easier to find servers): “With all the graduates together, there are some nostalgic conversations about the last three years. People group together in friendships, but they also meet people they never have before…. It’s also interesting to see the whole range of who is in a class—the range of ages,
M.Div.s, Ph.D.s—classes are made up of so much more than we realize.”
All in all, it was an evening of good friends, good food, and good wait service!
Jonathan Edwards for Today’s Church
According to PTS professor Sang H. Lee, there is a resurgence of interest today in Jonathan Edwards, the passionate religious visionary of America’s Great Awakening. To address this interest, Lee, who teaches a class on Edwards’s thought, held a forum titled “What Does Edwards’s Theology Have to Say to the Church Today?” in April.
Panelists Steve Crocco (Princeton Seminary librarian), George Hunsinger (newly appointed PTS professor of systematic theology), Stacy Johnson (also a professor of theology at the Seminary), Robert Jensen (of the Center of Theological Inquiry), and Lou Mitchell (pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Cranbury, New Jersey, who wrote his Ph.D. dissertation on Edwards) each discussed what Edwards the theologian and preacher meant to them.
“Edwards was dismissed by theologians and pastors for many years,” said
Crocco. “All he was known for was his sermon ‘Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.’ Yet there is so much more. He had an abiding interest in
colonial affairs. Like Barth, he held the Bible in one hand and the newspaper in the other. He is brilliant, and he is hard to read.”
Crocco proposed that precisely because Edwards was willing to ask the hard questions of the faith, “because he was not afraid to risk, to push, to be rigorous,” church leaders today could well gain from reading him.
Hunsinger was more dramatic in his assessment. “Edwards has become his own spider dangling over the abyss of cultural disapprobation,” he said, and then urged the audience to reconsider Edwards the preacher. Citing a little-known sermon, “The Sorrows of the Bereaved Spread before Jesus,” Hunsinger movingly described its well-crafted style and its pastoral sensitivity.
“Edwards had the ability to take an idea, turn it every so slightly, and bring out something new in it,” he explained. “At the
same time, the sermon’s rhetoric, which was addressed to the widow, children, and colleagues of a minister who had died, brought me to tears as I read it to my wife.”
Hunsinger concluded his remarks by lamenting the fact that sermons like this one are not the ones for which Edwards is remembered.
Mitchell, the pastor on the panel, found two characteristics of Edwards particularly useful from a pastoral perspective: “Edwards is very
Christocentric, and he is at base a preacher.” Mitchell cited as an example a pastoral letter that Edwards wrote to a prominent New Englander, Lady
Pepperill, on the death of her only son. In the letter, Edwards urged her to contemplate “the beauty of Christ, the loveliness of our blessed Redeemer.”
Lee summarized by likening the church of Edwards’s day to today’s church: “Edwards’s diagnosis was that the condition of the church of his day was that people had concepts about religion, God, and Christ, but that they lacked an experience of Christ—particularly of his beauty, and of the excellency of divine things. I think we yearn today for that experience. We long for the Holy Spirit to enliven our imaginations, and for the Scriptures, the sacraments, and the words of Jesus to be means for grace.”
In the end, Lee chose a metaphor, as Edwards, too, so often did, to explain: “The impression is always much stronger when you look at the sun than when you think about it.”
|PTS Hosts International Theologians
Princeton Seminary hosted the International Reformed Theological Institute’s biennial conference, whose theme was “Faith and Ethnicity,” in July. Seventy scholars and pastors from thirteen nations, including the Netherlands, South Africa, Indonesia, Ghana, Hungary, Romania, Germany, Australia, and the United States, attended.
The institute’s mission, according to Dan Migliore, PTS Charles Hodge Professor of Systematic Theology and one of the conference planners, is “the development of a living Reformed theology.” Its membership is open to theologians and pastors who are doing serious research in systematic theology from a Reformed perspective.
Among the conference speakers were Eberhard Busch of Goettingen University, whose address focused on the Barmen Declaration, and Abraham van de Beek from the University of Amsterdam, who addressed the relationship of “Jew and Greek” in Christ.
PTS faculty members Sang H. Lee and Max Stackhouse also presented papers, Lee on a theological interpretation of the Korean American experience in the U.S. and Stackhouse on a search for public theology.
|Easter Octave Celebration
On the Sunday after Easter, Miller Chapel was filled
with songs and reflections of Easter celebration. While some
wondered why the service was a week late, Martin Tel, PTS’s
director of music, had good reason for scheduling it as he did:
“Students here are either out of town or have so many
responsibilities on Easter that we have to have another day to
celebrate, which makes us ask, ‘What is Easter? Is it one
“It’s not,” Tel answered his own question.
“Easter is a season, and the Easter Octave, the eighth day of
Easter, is the completion of the high feast. We celebrate Easter
Octave because it allows us, as a church and as a Christian
community, to expand on the high feast of Easter and not just be
done the day after.”
The program featured hymns, anthems, readings, and
the Jubilate Deo and Cantate Domino choirs with string orchestra,
soloists, and the organ. J.S. Bach’s cantata Christ lag in
Todes Banden and Joseph Haydn’s Missa brevis St. Joannis de Deo
Cantate Domino choir member Ellen Johnson said,
“The music selection was beautiful. It was a joyful experience to
Though he knew that a full-length sermon might be too much for the
evening, Tel said, “I wanted our rendering of the cantata to be
faithful to Bach’s intentions,” that is, as the beginning of the
exposition of Scripture which would lead into the spoken word.
So instead of finding a typical preacher, Tel
commissioned George Pasley, PTS Class of 1997, pastor, and poet, to compose and deliver a poem for the celebration. This
reading was perfect for the evening, Tel said. “Every part
illumined the whole so that it was not only very artistic and very
well-executed, but also worshipful.”
Culture on the Quad
Teresa Kim, M.A. senior and organizer of April’s Culture on the Quad, said her passion for this event that showcases a variety of ethnic food and art intensified when she was asked last year, “Why do we do this anyway? What’s the point?” Kim wondered, prayed, and then realized, “This is a time when we are able to celebrate the diversity on this campus and, even more, God’s creativity.”
With that understanding, Kim approached KAPTS (Korean Association of Princeton Theological Seminary), historically the host of the event, with the idea to broaden the perspective this year by involving other campus groups. KAPTS readily agreed.
The theme “Gathering the Nations” grew out of several planning meetings attended by representatives from the Association of Black Seminarians, the American Latino/Hispanic American Society, the International Students’ Association, the Asian, Pacific, and Asian American Council, and KAPTS. The student groups prepared a few cultural dishes and a program. The approximately eighty people who attended enjoyed ethnic foods, musical numbers, poetry readings, and a Korean fan dance.
Aside from its educational value, Kim hopes Culture on the Quad “encourages people to get to know one another, and to do it cross-culturally. It’s not easy, but I think Culture on the Quad is a good starting place for those relationships.”
Princeton Seminary Receives Copies of Hymnbook from Jesus’ Time
In May Princeton
became, according to PTS New Testament professor James H. Charlesworth, “a major documentary repository for the study of the Psalms of Solomon—a hymnbook from the time of Jesus and
Robert B. Wright, professor in the religion department at Temple University, traveled the globe (including to London, Paris, Moscow, Vatican City, Athens, and Mt. Athos) taking and collecting photos from libraries and monasteries to compile the first full critical edition of this hymnbook, which will be published by Sheffield Academic Press. His work will enrich the research of students and faculty at Princeton who are focusing on the time of Hillel and Jesus—thanks to the following gift, which will be housed in the archives of Luce Library:
• 14 CDs with high-resolution images of the eleven Greek and five Syriac manuscripts of the Psalms of Solomon (manuscripts that were copied between the eleventh and sixteenth centuries).
• CDs containing approximately 350 color photographs of the manuscripts. Most of these manuscripts are now photographed in color for the first time. Wright’s archive is probably the only collection of ancient manuscripts that is available in high-resolution color images (some of the Dead Sea Scrolls are also now available with this quality; the PTS Dead Sea Scrolls Project has these).
• Twelve albums of 8 x 10 prints of the Greek and the Syriac manuscripts.
• About 150 supporting photographs, including, for example, the full text of de la Cerda’s 1626 edition of this pseudepigraphon (the first published edition, in Greek, with a Latin translation).
B. Wright (middle) presents Psalms of Solomon material to PTS professor James H.
and PTS archivist Bill Harris.
Charlesworth explains the importance of the Psalms of
Solomon, and thus access to these manuscripts, as follows:
In our Old Testament three documents are attributed to Solomon: The Song of Solomon, Proverbs of Solomon, and Ecclesiastes. In the Old Testament Apocrypha another work was known as the work of David’s son: The Wisdom of Solomon. In the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha three additional compositions were attributed to the wisest man in biblical history: the Testament of Solomon, the Odes of Solomon, and the Psalms of Solomon. Most experts claim that these poetic or wisdom books were attributed to Solomon—as an honor and because of the claim in 1 Kings 4:32 that Solomon composed 3000 proverbs and 1005 songs. In A.D. 240, Origen of Alexandria, however, claimed that ‘the Churches of God’ know nothing about these thousands of Solomonic songs
(Cant.Cant Prologus 36). However, ancient collections of the Odes and Psalms attributed to Solomon have since been discovered.
Most scholars conclude that the Psalms of Solomon is a hymnbook composed in Hebrew, in Jerusalem, sometime shortly before the reign of Herod the Great (40-4 B.C.). This hymnbook is close to the type of Pharisaism Paul knew; in fact, he may have known this hymnbook and some of the traditions preserved in it.
The Psalms of Solomon is a singularly important document. Three aspects of this hymnbook are particularly impressive. First, it contains an eyewitness account of the Roman incursion into Jerusalem and the demise of the Roman general Pompey who brought Roman rule into Palestine:
And I did not wait long until God showed me his insolence
pierced on the mountains of Egypt,
more despised than the smallest thing on earth and sea.
His body was carried about on the waves in much shame,
and there was no one to bury (him),
for he (God) had despised him with contempt.
—Wright in The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, 2.653
Second, the work contains a reference to the Jewish belief in resurrection just before the time of Jesus of Nazareth:
This is the shame of sinners forever,
but those who fear the Lord shall rise up to eternal life,
and their life shall be in the Lord’s light, and it shall never end.
—Wright in The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, 2.655
Third, the composition contains perhaps the locus classicus for belief in a Davidic messiah, and it antedates by a few decades the Palestinian Jesus Movement:
See, Lord, and raise up for them their king,
the son of David, to rule over your servant Israel
in the time known to you, O God….
And he will be a righteous king over them, taught by God.
There will be no unrighteousness among them in his days,
for all shall be holy,
and their king shall be the Lord Messiah.
—Wright in The Old Testament
Princeton faculty and students are thankful for this resource that, via CD-ROM, takes them a step closer to the ideas and beliefs of Jews during Jesus’ time.
Faculty and Staff News
George Hunsinger was appointed the Hazel Thompson McCord Professor of Systematic Theology, with tenure. Hunsinger joins the faculty after having directed the Seminary’s Center for Barth Studies for the last four years and had previously served on the faculty of Bangor Theological Seminary.
Darrell L. Guder was appointed the Henry Winters Luce Professor of Missional and Ecumenical Theology. Guder had been professor of evangelism and church growth at Columbia Theological Seminary since 1997.
Luis N. Rivera-Pagán
was appointed the Henry Winters Luce Professor of Ecumenics and Mission.
Rivera-Pagán, professor of humanities at the University of Puerto Rico since 1986, was the Seminary’s John A. Mackay Professor of World Christianity in the 1999–2000 academic year. (See the article on
Rivera-Pagán, “Companions on the
Journey,” inSpire, spring 2000.)
Nancy Lammers Gross
was appointed associate professor of speech communication in ministry. Gross, who earned an M.Div. (1981) and a Ph.D. (1992) at Princeton, had served on the faculty of Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary since 1991.
Sally A. Brown was appointed assistant professor of preaching and worship. Brown, who received her Ph.D. from Princeton Seminary last year, has been a faculty member, as well as dean of the chapel, at Lancaster Theological Seminary since 1998.
Eunny Patricia Lee was appointed instructor in Old Testament. Lee is an M.Div. graduate of and a Ph.D. candidate at the Seminary.
Kristin Emery Saldine was appointed minister of the chapel, with the additional designation of “with rank of instructor.” Saldine is a Ph.D. candidate at the Seminary who has served during her study as a teaching fellow and visiting lecturer at PTS. She has also served as interim chaplain and visiting professor of ministry at San Francisco Theological Seminary.
Patricia Heran was appointed assistant for Christian education and youth ministry. Heran comes to the Seminary from Bristol-Myers Squibb.
Elizabeth Angelucci was promoted to the administrative staff as assistant for academic affairs.
William French was promoted to director of telecommunications and network services.
Chester Polk Jr. was promoted to associate director of field education.
Katharine Bilis-Bastos was promoted to assistant director of field education.
Hispanic Lay Pastors Graduate
The Institute for the Preparation of Lay Pastors,
one component of PTS’s Hispanic Leadership Development program, graduated
its first class on May 5. The eight graduates were cheered on by 250 people
who came to celebrate with them.
The graduates, all ordained elders in the PCUSA,
representing five presbyteries and six churches, completed a three-year
intensive preparation course. Taught in Spanish, their classes included
Presbyterian polity, church history, Reformed theology, and other
disciplines specified in the
Book of Order. A curriculum committee provides oversight of the
program, which is being used as a model for the denomination’s lay pastor
Victor Aloyo, director of vocations,
said, “I believe it’s important that the Seminary provide this
opportunity for growth because there are many lay leaders who wish to expand
their talents and gifts by further serving the church. This provides the
opportunity to do that, and to wrestle with a sense of call, in a curriculum
that has integrity. Having enrolled because they wanted to be more
intentional about leadership in their congregations, the graduates are now
engaged in a variety of services, such as spearheading new
church developments, supply preaching, directing Christian education
programs, and organizing community outreach efforts.
“Through this program, Princeton is doing something very
effective to minister to the Hispanic/Latino community,” Aloyo said. “This
is an equipping tool that is serving a segment of our population that is
growing by leaps and bounds. This program is one of the Seminary’s
best-kept secrets, and we would like to expand on it. It’s also a great
opportunity for the Hispanic/Latino community to get to know PTS.”
Hispanic Theological Initiative Gives Next Round of Fellowships
Mayra Rivera, a first-year Ph.D. student at Drew University in Madison, New Jersey, is one of the students who received a 2001-2002 fellowship from the Hispanic Theological Initiative
(HTI). Her area of interest is theological approaches to other religious traditions. She was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and is a member of the United Methodist Church. As part of HTI’s program, Rivera is now being mentored by Carlos Cardoza
Orlandi, a Princeton Seminary Ph.D. graduate who now teaches at Columbia Theological Seminary in Decatur, Georgia.
HTI, in partnership with Princeton Seminary, seeks to increase the number of Hispanic faculty in theological institutions in the United States and Puerto Rico by supporting people like Rivera. Funded by a grant from The Pew Charitable Trusts, this year HTI will give annual fellowships to five master’s degree students and twenty-six doctoral students (this includes doctoral renewals, special mentoring, and dissertation awards). Students come from eleven denominations (and include both Protestants and Catholics) and are currently studying at twenty-one different schools across the U.S.
“HTI has become the Latino ‘411,’” says Zaida
Peréz, director of HTI. “We get calls from students, faculty, potential employers, churches, et cetera. Becoming a national and international hub of information has been an exciting development that has grown out of our being able to offer support to these great students.”
Class of 2001 graduates (left to right)
Jennifer Martin, Stephanie Arnold, and Jennifer Difrancesco
were lined up for Princeton
Seminary Annual Commencement
services in May.
Library Fun Facts
|Books added per year:
|Decrease in available
shelf-space per year:
|Shelving space left in
Speer Library (in years):
|| only God knows!
|Hours open per week
during the academic year:
Philadelphia Pastor Elected Trustee
Deborah McKinley, Class of 1982 and pastor of Old Pine Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, was recently elected to a three-year term as a PTS
alumni/ae trustee. As such, she will
preach in Miller Chapel at the trustee meeting this fall, be appointed to one or more board committees, and represent the perspective of
alumni/ae, by whom she was elected. McKinley is excited about her new position.
“I’m really interested to know how the
board works, to get to know the other trustees and find out what keeps
them tied to PTS,” she says.
She has kept her ties to the Seminary through its Continuing Education programs and her work as a field education supervisor. She hopes that through her participation in those activities and her service as a trustee she can be a part of learning how to continually train ministers, both theologically and practically, as the church so rapidly changes.
“I love the parish,” she says. “I
really believe that’s where the core of ministry takes place, and I have
a passion for it. I know there are a lot of pastors on the board, and I’m
looking forward to bringing my perspective as pastor of an urban, historic
McKinley also wants to “thank the alumni/ae
for their vote of confidence. I am honored to be a trustee. And as alumni/ae
have concerns about the Seminary, I hope they feel free to call on me,
because I’m serving on their behalf.”
Art Exhibits at Erdman Gallery
Erdman Gallery is pleased to announce the following schedule for the 2001-2002 exhibition season titled, “Remembrance.” All are invited to these displays demonstrating the connections between memory, the present moment, and the ineffable wonders of our world.
|Ben Frank Moss, “Spirit
September 3–October 18, 2001
|Jacob Landau, “Unlimited Possibilities: Jacob Landau Works on Paper 1950–2000”
October 29–December 7, 2001
|Shirley Bruel, “Making Paths”
December 16, 2001–February 1, 2002
|Caroline Fenn, “Meeting Stone”
February 11–April 12, 2002
John Hess, “Natural Rhythms Stilled”
April 22–June 28, 2002
Plan to visit the gallery when you are in Princeton. For more information and for gallery hours, please call the Center of Continuing Education at 609-497-7990.
Miller Chapel Restoration Honored
The Historical Society of Princeton, New
Jersey, awarded PTS a certificate of “Recognition for Restoration and Adaptation” for the newly renovated Miller Chapel, calling it “an example of the successful combination of restoration and response to an intellectual program requiring significant alterations.” The chapel is the oldest house of worship in continuous use in
Present at the May 6 ceremony were representatives of the architectural firm and general contractors who worked on Miller Chapel and of PTS’s administration, faculty, staff, and trustees.
James F. Kay, professor of homiletics and liturgics and chair of the Miller Chapel Renovation Project, said, “This recognition by the Historical Society is a tribute to all who have labored on Miller Chapel over the past five years. The protection and renewal of Princeton’s architectural patrimony has won the Seminary new friends within the preservationist community and among area residents.”
Kay Vogen Retires with Warm Memories of PTS
When she came to Princeton Seminary in 1976 on a one-week, part-time Kelly Girl assignment, Kay Vogen had no idea that it would be another twenty-five years before she left.
Kay Hogen was made an
"honorary Canadian" and was presented a hockey stick by a
Canadian contingent at her final Youth Ministry Forum before
Now, beginning retirement, she laughs, “I’ve been at Princeton a quarter of a century. I’ve done this longer than anything else except mothering and being a wife.”
During Vogen’s time first as secretary and then, after her promotion to the administrative staff, as assistant for the School of Christian Education, she has served as academic advisor for M.A. students, helped
prepare their curriculum, prepared the budget, and kept the office going. She worked with the summer school program and, more recently, with the Institute for Youth Ministry, serving as registrar for the Princeton Forums on Youth Ministry, as well as staffing the “command center” and “troubleshooting” at the forums.
Though she might miss her work, Vogen said during remarks at a retirement dinner given in honor of her and Dick
Gronhovd, “The brightest light in my picture was the people I served—ministered to—the seminary students, the summer school students, the youth ministry forum participants…people whose questions I answered, people whose problems I helped solve…people in Japan and Korea and Ireland and South Africa and countries I had never heard of who sent emails…people to be congratulated for their accomplishments and consoled for their disappointments and losses…. I have been filled and fulfilled in ways I never would have anticipated. I have been blessed.”
With all of her five children and six grandchildren living nearby, Vogen looks forward to spending time with her family during the “lots of unstructured time” in her future. She is also redecorating her house and making travel plans. She might stop by PTS now and then, maybe sit in on some Bible study courses, she says, “if they’ll let me.”
Retirement Won’t End Ministry for Dick Gronhovd
Dick Gronhovd (middle) with
PTS president Thomas W. Gillespie (left) and PTS vice
president for Seminary relations Gene Degitz (right))
Since graduating from Princeton Seminary in 1962, Dick
Gronhovd has never left the ministry. And he never plans to. After earning an
M.Div. (’61) and a Th.M. (’62) at PTS, he pastored churches in California and Washington for thirty-three years before returning east to join the Seminary staff. The position he has held for the past seven
years, director of church relations and alumni/ae giving, he describes as mainly pastoral work. And although he is newly
retired, the community he and his wife, Darlene, will be moving to
in Port Ludlow, Washington, helps ease his "angst about not
being a pastor anymore."
"Before now, its always been
professional; I've always been a pastor," he says. "I
can't just stop doing that...." But when he is in Washington,
buying a home and meeting his new neighbors, he noticed that
"even though it wasn't in a Christian context, this community
is the way the church ought to be," sharing each other's lives
and caring for one another. Gronhovd is certain that opportunities
for ministry will abound.
Even so, he admits, “I’m scared—I mean, I’m excited—about being retired. I’ve never done it before!”
“I’ll miss these people,” he says. “The Seminary Relations department is totally mutually supportive. But we’ll be in touch.” Gronhovd is guaranteed to keep in contact with the Seminary, since his retirement plans include working for PTS a few days a month in the western states.
Looking back over his years at Princeton, Gronhovd remembers, “One of the great strengths about being here for me, as a student, was seeing how much bigger the body of Christ was than I’d thought.” And now, as he heads to his new community, he will see how much bigger the pastorate is than some might think.
|Alumni/ae Council Election Results
The following three people were recently elected to four-year terms on the Seminary’s
The Region 4 (Eastern Pennsylvania and Maryland) winner is Victor M. Wilson (Class of 1979), pastor of St. John’s Presbyterian Church in Devon,
The Region 8 (Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan) winner is Thomas D. York (Class of 1974), pastor of Knox Presbyterian Church in Cincinnati, Ohio.
The Region 12 (northern California, Nevada, Utah, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska) winner is Virstan Choy (Class of 1974), general presbyter for nurture and development for the Presbytery of San Francisco.
Longtime Custodian of Hodge Hall Retires
Hector Pagan, who moved to New Jersey from Puerto Rico in 1986, was for fourteen years the custodian of Hodge Hall, a building that houses both faculty offices and student dorm rooms. The American Latino/Hispanic American Society threw a farewell party for him that included a live band playing jazz, salsa, and
merengue. In appreciation for his service and as congratulations on his retirement, Pagan was presented with a monopoly game—which he thought was a joke until he opened it to find the play money had been replaced by
geniune, green bills.
“Hector Pagan has been a model for us in his service to Princeton Seminary,” says Ellen
Charry, PTS professor of systematic theology whose office is in Hodge Hall. “His inexaustible cheerfulness, helpfulness, and friendliness are virtues that are a wonderful example to all of us.”
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